Periodontal Treatment and Gum Disease

Periodontal treatment includes the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the gums and surrounding bones and tissues. Many people have gum disease and do not even know it. Often, there is no pain or symptoms until the disease has progressed to a serious stage. For this reason, it is important to get regular checkups and see your dentist at the first sign of red, swollen or tender gums, chronic bad breath, bleeding when brushing or flossing, gums that don’t adhere to the teeth, loose teeth, tooth movement and change in your bite or the fit of dental appliances. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with Apex Dental as soon as possible!

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and surrounding tissues. It infects the gums and destroys the supporting bone that holds the teeth in place. Teeth may loosen and move or fall out as a result.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that form a sticky plaque on the teeth. When left untreated, the plaque infects the gums and inflames the tissue. Over time the underlying bone and tissues supporting the teeth are destroyed. The teeth separate from the gums, forming pockets that fill with more plaque and accelerate the disease process.

Who is Susceptible to Periodontal Disease?

Everyone is susceptible to periodontal disease, but certain habits and practices increase your chances of periodontal problems. Poor oral hygiene practices, smoking and drug or alcohol abuse increase your chances of having poor periodontal health. Poor nutrition and a stressful lifestyle decrease your body’s immune response and make you more susceptible to periodontal disease.

People suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, HIV infection, leukemia, and malnutrition or persons taking certain medications can also be more susceptible to periodontal problems. Any disease or medication that affects the hormones or lowers the immune response can increase the chances of periodontal disease. Inform your dentist of any medications you are taking, including contraceptives, antidepressants and heart medications.

Hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty, pregnancy and menopause can cause tissue changes that increase the chances of periodontal disease. Usually, your physician will recommend a dental appointment at these times. Do not count on your general physician to pick up periodontal problems. Be proactive and see your dentist during these crucial times.

Periodontal Treatments

Periodontal disease requires ongoing treatment to treat the disease and prevent a recurrence. Treatments vary depending on the stage of the periodontal disease. Early diagnosis facilitates treatment by simple periodontal therapy. Once the disease has progressed, bone loss occurs and deep periodontal pockets form. At this stage, surgical therapy may be required. Once the periodontal disease is under control, ongoing treatments are needed to maintain good oral health.

See Dr. Fallah regularly in order to help avoid periodontal disease. If you believe you are beginning to develop periodontal disease, see Dr. Fallah as early as possible, before the disease progresses. Dr. Fallah and the staff at Apex Dental will work with you to develop a periodontal treatment plan that fits your needs. Prevent or reverse gum disease by scheduling an appointment today!