Periodontal or gum disease is an infection in the area around the teeth. This can include the gums, the ligaments, the root and the bone. Bacteria in our mouth creates a slimy, pale ‘plaque’ on teeth. Good oral hygiene can usually clear out plaque, but the plaque deposits left behind can harden and form tartar.
Periodontal disease typically begins as an inflammation of the gums, known as ‘gingivitis’ that occurs due to bacteria. Swollen, red and bleeding gums are signs of gingivitis. This condition can be prevented by maintaining regular dental hygiene.
If left untreated, gingivitis will progress and cause periodontitis. Periodontitis is inflammation around the tooth. The swollen, inflamed gum tissue will detach from the teeth creating spaces called ‘pockets’ between tooth and gum. Bacteria will grow very fast in these pockets, causing infection.
Some symptoms of gum disease include:
- Chronic bad breath
- Tender, bleeding gums
- Red, swollen gums
- Loose teeth
- Painful chewing
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
At Apex Dentall, we provide the following procedures to treat gum disease.
Gum Graft Surgery
When a patient is suffering from gum recession and exposed roots, gum graft surgery can b repair this defect and prevent further recession and bone loss. Gum grafts cover exposed roots and help to develop gum tissue where it is missing. During this procedure, tissue will be removed from the palate or another source and used to cover the exposed root.
Laser Treat is a technologically advanced, non-surgical treatment and conservative treatment. One of the great advantages of laser treatment is that it causes less discomfort and less bleeding than traditional methods.
Dental Crown Lengthening
If you have a “gummy” smile, it may appear that your teeth are too small or short. In fact, your teeth may be the proper length but are covered with extra or swollen gum tissue. This can be corrected with dental crown lengthening. During this procedure, excess gum and bone tissue are reshaped to expose more natural tooth. This procedure can be used for just one tooth to even out the entire gum line.
Root Surface Debridement
This is the complete cleaning of the root surface of the tooth until all sediments have been removed. The goal of this procedure is to reattach the gum tissue to the tooth so the pocket is no more than three millimeters in depth. Debridement is more than just treating the roots surface; it includes treating the pocket space, the wall, and any underlying tissues. The purpose of this procedure is to control bacterial infection.
Having deep pockets is a sign of an advanced stage of periodontitis. Pocket reduction, also known as osseous surgery, is a non-invasive periodontal surgery that reduces bacteria and tartar from the gingival sulcus with the purpose of restoring dental health.
These procedures are required to restore the lost bone and supporting tissues. Apex Dentall implements regenerative procedures to reverse the damage produced by periodontal disease.
When a tooth is lost, the jawbone begins to deteriorate making it unable to support a dental implant. To prevent this, we may recommend a bone graft procedure. This will involve using a special bone grafting material or bone from another part of the body and surgically grafting it onto the jaw bone.
Apex Dentall is experienced in treating periodontal issues. To learn more and set up a consultation, call us today at (813) 358-6808.